The illustration below maps out the organisations under Disability Division within the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, India. The organisations are categorized under the 5 heads as per their roles & responsibilities.
Statutory Bodies, the legislation enforcers including Office of the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities, New Delhi is entrusted with the task to safeguard the rights and facilities to the persons with disabilities. Enabling and empowering persons with disabilities to live as independently and as fully as possible forms one of the main objectives of National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities, New Delhi. Regulation and monitoring the training of Rehabilitation professionals and personnel along with promoting research in rehabilitation and special education was the core reason for constitution of RCI, New Delhi.
The National Institutes AYJNIHH, IPH, NIMH, NIVH, NIOH, NIRTAR established under Societies Registration Act, 1860 are responsible for manpower development, research, outreach and extension services for persons with disabilities including the hearing handicapped, physically handicapped, mentally handicapped, visually handicapped and orthopedically handicapped. Be it the manufacture and distribution of aids and appliances to the handicapped or developing model services for their rehabilitation, the national institutes have been a saviour of Persons with Disabilities over the years and continue to foster innovations through research.
The Public Sector Undertakings including NHFDC promotes economic development activities and self-employment ventures plus extend loans to entrepreneurs in order to sustain ventures. ALIMCO on the other hand manufactures artificial limbs, accessories and also promotes their availability, supply and distribution at reasonable cost to the disabled persons.
The Composite Regional Centres for Persons with Disabilities (CRCs) set up at 8 cities in India provide both preventive and promotional aspects of rehabilitation like education, health, employment and vocational training, research and manpower development, rehabilitation for persons with disabilities.
The Indian Spinal Injury Centre, New Delhi provides rehabilitation management services to patients with spinal cord injuries and related ailments.
With population of Persons with Disabilities staggering at 2.68 crore as per Census 2011, a 22.4 % increase in population from 2.19 crore recorded in Census 2001…a need has risen for set up of organisations of this kind to serve the growing population. Well, the Indian Government efforts are commendable but still it hasn’t delivered to its mission of making places like railway stations, government offices disabled friendly. Barrier free commutation forms one of the primary things the government should have made accountable while building new buildings and stations…the ordeals people with disabilities face makes me conclusive of the fact that policymakers have failed in their duties.
This illustration was created as part of the blogs ongoing Ability Project initiative to promote awareness of the existing infrastructure created especially towards the aid and care of the disabled across India. As explained earlier, it is of poignant note that despite its efforts, the government is un’able’ to reach out its facilities to the disabled. And the paramount reason for it is unawareness, something that ‘abled’ people like you and me should help eradicate. Please feel free to download the illustration and help spread it around the NGO’s dedicated towards helping the disabled in your city. It should, after all, be within our ‘ability’ to help remove disability.
Know more about Ability Project